When you feel your pad is no longer working well, recycle it as much as you can. Remove the press buttons (you can hammer them to open), separate the PUL layer (polyurethane laminate) from the remaining cotton layers. The cotton can be recycled with other waste fabric or composted as it is made from organic cotton. The PUL layer can sometimes be removed from the cotton to which it has been fused. In that case the cloth can be recycled and the PUL layer can be added to the plastic waste. If not, the PUL with the fused cloth are “mixed waste”, which generally gets burned or landfilled by the municipality. The press buttons are made of metal and can be given for metal recycling.